Come, know more with us about Biofortification - powerful tool of science to feed the future
Approximately one-third of the world’s population suffers from severe vitamin and mineral deficiencies, jeopardizing their health and hindering productivity. Micronutrient deficiencies (or “hidden hunger”) afflict poor rural people in low and middle-income nations in particular. Their low earnings and restricted access to food result in nutritionally insufficient meals that are monotonous.
Micronutrient deficiency is also linked to the rapidly growing obesity and non-communicable disease crisis. At the heart of the problem are poor-quality diets that rely mainly on highly processed, nutrient-deficient foods.
Biofortification is the process of increasing the amount of essential vitamins, provitamins, and minerals in crops in order to improve people’s nutritional status. The process involves conventional methods of crop breeding to identify varieties that contain specific nutrients in high concentrations, which are then crossbred with high-yielding varieties to develop biofortified crops with high levels of, for instance, zinc or betacarotene, as well as other productivity qualities desired by farmers.
Biofortification of staple crops is an efficient way to reach a large number of rural, underprivileged people. Recurrent expenditures are minimal after the initial outlay of capital. Biofortification of staple crops is a low-cost approach to reaching tens of millions of people on a sustainable basis.